Explore the deepest lake in the western hemisphere.
History of Crater Lake
Crater Lake was formed approximately 7,700 years ago by the act of volcanic eruption. It was previously a sleeping volcano mountain named Mount Mazama, however it erupted and the top of the peak was demolished creating a large caldera. The caldera is what now holds the water of the lake. The eruption also what created the great depth of the lake; 1,949 feet at it’s deepest point.
Fun Facts About Crater Lake
- Within the caldera , in the midst of the pristine blue waters, is Wizard Island which was created from the lava eruptions that have occurred over the years.
- There is significant spiritual native history with Mount Mazama and the Klamath tribe as the tribe’s ancestors witnessed the destruction of Mount Mazama which subsequently turned into Crater Lake. There are quite a few oral history stories related to this event.
- Two species of fish are stocked at Crater Lake: Rainbow Trout and Kokanee Salmon.
- The water from Crater Lake comes from snow or rain only; there are no rivers or inlets. The water is considered to be of the purest in the world.